Setting aside for a moment its cultural and artistic merits, the most interesting thing about

Marvin_D_Boland_Collection_BOLANDB15590
Original Location at 10th & A

Tacoma’s totem pole may be its almost magical ability to survive disaster. In 1903, when the pole was carved and strategically placed between the grand Tacoma Hotel veranda and the view to the mountain, it became instantly connected with the misadventure to rename the mountain. After the creation of Mt. Rainier National Park in 1899, a spirited campaign was directed at using the native-American place name for the mountain and the totem pole symbolized that effort. In May 1917 the Justice-to-the-Mountain Committee, Teddy Roosevelt, John Muir, totem pole sponsor Chester Thorne, most of Tacoma’s citizens and even God (according to the John H. Williams book published in 1910) appealed to the U.S. Board of Geographic names but sadly the name change was denied.

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Straw Hat Day 1926

A second push in 1924 came closer but in January 1926 the U.S. Congress “ reRainiered” the mountain leaving Tacoma’s iconic totem pole a bit battered and forlorn but still standing. A couple years later the pole became a movie star in W.S. Van Dyke’s silent film “Eyes of the Totem” but talking movies coincided with its ill timed release and the picture was a lost hope at the box office bringing down Tacoma’s first and last motion picture studio.

But the totem pole was still standing in October of 1935 when the

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After the blaze, 1935

monumental Tacoma Hotel burned in Tacoma’s most dramatic conflagration. It was charred but not toppled by the fire and there after became a sort of mascot for the Tacoma Fire Department. It was relocated precariously along the bluff several times by non-engineers and painted every few years with the help of TFD ladder trucks. Here’s a freshening under way in May, 1955 which the pole survived. The totem pole was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976 as a contributing resource in the Old City Hall Historic District and narrowly escaped misfortune again when I-705 was constructed underneath it in the 1980’s. Indeed a magical survivor.

 

totempole

By Andy Cox, Recaptured City

TPL Richards Studio Image Series D90574-1 (Unique 24078)

Written by tacomahistory

This site is about the way history, in this case of a city and it's surrounds, is remembered or recorded in stories and small bits of memory. It's also about the way images and stories go together, how they inform and enrich each other and how we as thinking people fill in the content between a narrative and a visual document. So here is my city in time past, the way it looked and the people and events that create its character. For more than 20 years I have taught a 5 credit course on the History of Tacoma at the University of Washington Tacoma. With an average of 30 or 40 students a year, each doing a research paper as their primary focus for the course, I have benefited from many paths of inquiry and many researched and assembled stories. Here are some of them in the retelling along with the treasures of photographs and images in the collections of the Washington State Historical Society, Tacoma Public Library, University of Washington Digital Archives, Washington State Archives at the Office of the Secretary of State, Library of Congress, Washington State University, Alaska State Library, and many other archives, libraries and private collections.

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